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Top 15 Applications of Internet of Things (IoT)

  • Akansha Sharma
  • Dec 15, 2023
  • RFID
Top 15 Applications of Internet of Things (IoT)

The Internet of Things (IoT) has transformed how we engage with technology by connecting devices and systems to create a more seamless, intelligent, and data-driven environment. IoT applications are present in multiple areas of our daily lives, from smart homes to industrial processes. Sensors and actuators embedded in devices, communication protocols such as Wi-Fi and Bluetooth for data transfer, cloud computing for centralized data storage and analysis, and advanced analytics tools to derive meaningful insights from the vast amount of data generated are all part of IoT technology.

The concept of Internet of Things has evolved since year 1999 and with over 15B IoT connected devices at present, it has truly become the internet of everything. In Kevin Aston’s (he coined the term Internet of Things in 1999) words, “The Internet of Things has the potential to change the world just as the Internet did. Maybe even more so.”

IoT is a rapidly evolving technology and it has a wide range of applications. It has the potential to revolutionize various industries by enabling organizations to collect and analyze data in real-time which can offer valuable insights for informed, data backed decision-making and unlock the full potential of connected devices at large.

Internet of Things at Present

At present, Internet of Things is an all-encompassing technology that is driving our cars, our homes and our businesses. It is rapidly making every physical device smart and connecting it to the internet. From smart cars, smartphones to smart homes with smart kitchen and smart showers, smart organizations with smart offices, smart manufacturing and smart supply chain, Internet of Things is transforming everything.

Presently, we have IoT-based access control, smart healthcare instruments, fitness trackers, smart homes, smart furniture, and smartphones amongst countless other things but the future of IoT inventions is not constrained by our present capabilities. Using IoT, AI and ML together, the scope of future innovation is unlimited.

What is IoT?

The Internet of Things (IoT) refers to the network of linked “smart” devices that can communicate seamlessly over the Internet. For an IoT to work, you need a physical object, an IoT technology such as BLE, RFID, LoRAWAN etc., and a medium (computer or smartphone) to connect these two to the internet.

Internet of Thing has the potential to revolutionize a wide range of industries, including agriculture, healthcare, and home automation. In agriculture, wireless IoT sensors can transmit information about soil moisture, soil health and nutrients to agricultural experts across the country. In healthcare, IoT devices can monitor patient health and provide feedback to medical professionals and in smart homes, IoT devices can automate various day-to-day activities such as controlling lighting and temperature as well.

Here are 15 best IoT Applications that will transform our businesses and daily lives:

1. Creating smart homes with IoT

2. Innovating Agriculture

3. Building Smarter Cities

4. Making better Enterprise Solutions

5. Supply Chain Management with IIoT

6. IoT Applications in Energy Management

7. Smart Wearables

8. IoT Applications in Education: Smart Class

9. Establishing connected factories

10. Transforming Healthcare and Life Sciences

11. Industrial IoT (IIoT) Applications

12. IoT Applications in Transportation

13. IoT Applications in Retail

14. IoT Applications in Environmental Monitoring

15. Reshape hospitality with IoT

1. Creating smart homes with IoT

IoT has the potential to automate various day-to-day activities in homes such as controlling lighting and temperature, improving convenience, and energy efficiency. From smart kitchen, smart appliances to smart showers, IoT can make our homes smarter

A. IoT Applications in Residential Buildings

IoT devices in smart homes allow homeowners to remotely manage and monitor numerous aspects such as lights, thermostats, security cameras, and appliances. Residents benefit from smart home devices in terms of convenience, energy efficiency, and security.

B. IoT Applications in Commercial Buildings

IoT helps in building automation in commercial applications, allowing firms to optimize energy use, manage HVAC( heating, ventilation, and air conditioning) systems, and improve overall operational efficiency.

C. Preferred IoT Technology

Wi-Fi, Bluetooth, BLE, Zigbee, and other wireless communication protocols enable smart home devices to communicate with one another.

2. Innovating Agriculture

IoT can be used in agriculture to monitor soil health vis-à-vis soil moisture, nutrients. It can also optimize irrigation and crop management improving crop yields and reducing costs.

A. Precise Farming with IoT

Precision farming uses IoT sensors to monitor soil conditions, crop health, and weather patterns, which allows farmers to optimize irrigation, fertilization, and pest control.

B. IoT in Livestock Monitoring

IoT devices track livestock health and location, improving farm management and assuring animal welfare.

C. Preferred IoT Technology

RFID, GPS, and other sensors help in the collecting of real-time data, providing farmers with insights on crop management.

3. Building Smarter Cities

In cities, IoT can be used to monitor and control various aspects of city life such as traffic flow, air quality, and waste management. This will significantly improve the quality of life for residents and provide tourists a remarkable experience. Wi-Fi, CCTV and digital tour guides can enhance the tourism and boost the city economy as well.

A. Public Safety

Internet of Things (IoT) technologies help to improve public safety through applications such as smart surveillance and emergency response systems.

B. Waste Management

 IoT sensors installed in waste bins optimize waste collection schedules, lowering costs and impact on the environment.

C. Preferred IoT Technology

RFID, GPS, and other sensors help in the collecting of real-time data, providing farmers with insights on crop management.

4. Making better Enterprise Solutions

Large enterprises and institutions, such as banks, can use IoT to create, maintain, and monitor their technology infrastructure. IoT can be a great tool to automate various business operations, enhance productivity, and reduce costs.

For example, financial institutions such as banks can use internet of things to digitalize their business operations.

A. Smart ATMs

 Internet of Things-enabled ATMs provides advanced functions such as card less transactions and real-time account monitoring.

B. Fraud Detection

 IoT contributes to fraud detection in financial services by analyzing transaction patterns and spotting anomalies.

C. Preferred IoT Technology

The integration of IoT in financial services is made easier by NFC (Near Field Communication), biometrics, and secure communication protocols.

5. Supply Chain Management with IIoT

IoT can help you track inventory and shipments in real-time and enhance the overall asset visibility. This will eliminate supply chain bottlenecks, reduce risks, and boost productivity.

A. Supply Chain Optimization

 IIoT applications optimize supply chains by offering real-time visibility into the movement of commodities, increasing efficiency and lowering costs.

B. Predictive Maintenance

Industrial IoT sensors forecast possible faults, allowing for preventative maintenance and reducing downtime.

C. Preferred IoT Technology

The industrial internet operates by edge computing, robust communication protocols, and advanced analytics, allowing for real-time data processing and decision-making.

6. IoT Applications in Energy Management

You can use IoT to monitor and control energy consumption in real-time, improve energy efficiency and reduce costs. It can felicitate smart metering and accurate billing, making the energy consumption more transparent and responsible

A. Smart Grids

 IoT optimizes energy distribution, eliminates power outages, and increases overall system resilience.

B. Home Energy Management

 Internet of Things (IoT) devices in homes assist users in monitoring and controlling energy consumption, increasing energy efficiency and cost savings.

C. Preferred IoT Technology

Smart meters, IoT-enabled sensors, and communication networks allow for more efficient energy distribution and consumption.

7. Smart Wearables

IoT has huge potential in wearable category. It can be used in wearable devices such as fitness trackers to monitor activity levels and provide feedback on health metrics such as heart rate and respiration. New smartwatches and smart bands can not only add to your fashion and style but transform your lifestyle as well.

8. IoT Applications in Education: Smart Class

IoT turns traditional educational surroundings into dynamic and technologically enhanced areas in a smart classroom. Various applications improve both students' and instructors' learning experiences.

A. Attendance Tracking and Security

Attendance tracking that is automated utilising RFID or biometric technology improves efficiency and security in the classroom.

B. Interactive Whiteboards and Displays

Collaborative learning is enabled via interactive screens and whiteboards, which allow students and teachers to interact with digital content in real time.

C. Preferred IoT Technology

IoT devices in smart classrooms communicate via various connectivity protocols such as Wi-Fi, Bluetooth, or Zigbee, allowing for seamless data sharing and device interaction.

9. Establishing connected factories

In factories, IoT can be used to monitor machine performance and optimize production processes, enhancing overall efficiency. It can help you create automated reports and insights which you can use for timely data-backed decision making. It can also enable smart employee training on new machinery and can reduce costs. You can use IoT to connect many factories and create a centralized platform for remote monitoring as well.

10. Transforming Healthcare and Life Sciences

In healthcare, IoT can be implemented to monitor patient health and provide feedback to medical professionals, which can improve patient outcomes.

With the help of IoT technology like RFID and BLE, you can enhance the healthcare supply chain and ensure that medicines and medical instruments are available all the time. RFID can also prevent medical instrument counterfeiting potentially saving a lot of lives.

In Life Sciences, IoT can help with research and development of new medicines, vaccines and medical instruments as well.

A. Healthcare Wearables

Internet of Things-enabled wearables, such as smart watches and fitness trackers, collect real-time health data and encourage users to live healthier lifestyles.

B. Remote Patient Monitoring

In healthcare facilities, IoT devices remotely monitor patients, providing real-time data to healthcare professionals for better diagnosis and personalized treatment options.

C. Preferred IoT Technology

To securely communicate health data, medical IoT devices frequently use Bluetooth Low Energy (BLE), Wi-Fi and other low-power communication protocols

11. Industrial IoT (IIoT) Applications

A. Predictive Maintenance

Industrial IoT sensors forecast possible faults, allowing for preventative maintenance and reducing downtime.

B. Supply Chain Optimization

IIoT applications optimize supply chains by offering real-time visibility into the movement of commodities, increasing efficiency and lowering costs.

C. Preferred IoT Technology

The industrial internet operates by edge computing, robust communication protocols, and advanced analytics, allowing for real-time data processing and decision-making.

12. IoT Applications in Transportation

Fleet Management: Internet of Things (IoT) sensors in cars allow fleet managers to monitor vehicle health, optimize routes, and improve overall fleet efficiency.

Smart Cities: Internet of Things (IoT) technology helps to construct smart transportation systems, such as traffic control, parking solutions, and public transportation optimization.

Technology: RFID, beacons, and cloud computing all help to track inventories in real time and personalize marketing efforts.

13. IoT Applications in Retail

A. Inventory Management

 Using real-time monitoring, IoT in retail streamlines inventory tracking, reducing stock outs and overstock situations.

B. Consumer Experience

In-store IoT applications like beacons and smart shelves improve the consumer experience by offering special promotions and increasing product visibility.

C. Preferred IoT Technology

RFID, beacons, and cloud computing all help to track inventories in real time and personalize marketing efforts.

14. IoT Applications in Environmental Monitoring

A. Air Quality Monitoring

 IoT sensors measure air pollutants, delivering real-time data to environmental authorities and individuals concerned about air quality.

B. Water Management

 IoT applications monitor water quality, consumption, and distribution, allowing for more sustainable water resource management.

C. Preferred IoT Technology

IoT sensors, which are frequently outfitted with environmental sensors, use communication protocols such as LoRaWAN (Long Range Wide Area Network) to provide data to centralized systems.

15. Reshape hospitality with IoT

The hospitality industry can improve guest experience through personalized services and automated processes with the help of RFID,QR Codes and BLE. Smart access control in hotels will ensure safety and security of customers and their valuables, making for a great staying experience. Digital menus, maps of the hotel and list of services can be provided to the tourists to make their stay a pleasant one.

Use of internet of things technologies such as RFID can also enhance the hotel operations and facilitate efficient room service management, asset security and asset management, etc.

To conclude, as we see the explosion of IoT applications across various industries, it is clear that this technology is an engine of innovation, efficiency, and sustainability. The ongoing expansion of IoT is likely to result in even more game-changing applications, altering the future of technology and the world around us. The journey into the future has only just begun, and the possibilities for IoT applications are as endless as the digital environment itself.

Internet of Things is connecting every physical device to internet enabling a smart city, smart home and smart business. From retail, IT and education to healthcare, manufacturing and supply chain, IoT has the potential to revolutionize businesses for long term growth and profitability.

Ever since its inception in 1999, Internet of Things has been through constant changes and caused countless transformations leading to 29B IoT connected devices by 2030 as per a recent survey and forecast.

Disclaimer: The information presented here is for general information purposes only and true to best of our understanding. Users are requested to use any information as per their own understanding and knowledge. Before using any of the information, please refer to our Privacy Policy and Terms and Conditions.


  • Created on Dec 15, 2023
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