You must know about the technology you are about to use. It will help you to pick the best one out of all. You can easily calculate the advantages and disadvantages of the product. If you are installing a ROOFTOP SOLAR PANEL on your roof or thinking to do so, then this article is for you.
You will get a brief introduction to the COMPONENTS OF SOLAR PANELS. Like other technologies, the components of this product are the same worldwide. But sometimes they vary on the user’s need and region. Let's begin with the basic components of the Solar Panel.
Solar Photovoltaic (PV) Panels
A solar panel is typically made up of a sufficient number of photovoltaic cells that are connected in series to generate the necessary standard output voltage and power. Solar Panel capacity ranges from 40 Wp to 390 Wp. They use sunlight to generate direct current electricity (Direct Current: electric current flows in one direction only).They are arranged in an array according to the requirement and capacity of a solar plant.
A solar battery is a system that you can use to store extra electricity generated by your solar panels. On some nights, cloudy days, or during power outages, your solar panels don't generate enough electricity. During such times you can use the stored energy to power your home.
Solar Battery Charge Controller
The basic job of a battery charge controller is to manage the power. It ensures the proper working between the battery and solar array. It prevents the deep-cycle batteries from over charging and draining their energy at night.
Solar Power System Inverter
Usually, the household appliances work on the alternating current (AC: current changes its direction periodically). But your solar system generates a direct current. The direct current (DC) output of a photovoltaic (PV) solar panel is converted into a utility frequency alternating current (AC) by a solar inverter, also known as a converter or PV inverter. This is supplied into a commercial electrical grid or local, off-grid electrical network.
Solar Power System Disconnects
Switches that halt the passage of DC electricity are known as DC disconnects. The DC disconnect is installed between the solar panel array and the power inverter in a solar PV system so that it may be readily used if you need to turn off solar electricity to the house.
System Power System Metering
A solar power metre is optional, but it is included here since it will provide you with a clear indication of how much free solar energy is being given to your home from your solar panels. A system power metre can also help you enhance your system so you can get the most out of your solar installation. Keeping track of supplied energy will help you maintain it properly.