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RFID Solar Tags: The Future of Solar Energy Tracking and Monitoring

RFID Solar Tags: The Future of Solar Energy Tracking and Monitoring

Solar power is slowly becoming one of the most preferred alternative sources of energy. It is one of the SDGs (sustainable development goals) and various countries have taken great measures to switch to renewable energy sources, such as solar and wind energy. 

Many have taken off a significant load of their power plants by harnessing energy through vast arrays of solar panels.

There are commercial buildings that use solar arrays to power up their building; industries are switching to solar energy-based operations, and governments are subsidizing the use of renewable energy alternatives.  

 As this technology gets bigger and more widespread, it will also become difficult for users to track and monitor their solar energy systems. To counter that issue, we use RFID solar tags. RFID tags for solar modules are small hard tags that are attached to solar and PV modules to provide digital identification.  

Let’s discuss more about the inclusion of RFID technology in the solar industry.

RFID Solar Tags & MNRE Guidelines – Solar Energy

Radio Frequency Identification technology is a necessary investment when implementing a solar power system. This is because of the Ministry of New & Renewable Energy (MNRE) guidelines for Solar Energy for commercial purposes. So, let’s discuss what the guidelines suggest:

(A). Every Solar Photovoltaic Panel must be equipped with a Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) Tag capable of withstanding environmental conditions, for identification & monitoring purposes.

(B). Users can mount the RFID tags either inside the PV panel’s laminate or on its surface.

(C). Radio Frequency Identification Tags must contain important information about the module, like specifications, date of manufacture, etc.

Below is a complete list of the necessary information to be stored within a tag’s RFID chip.

What Data is Stored within the RFID for Tracking & Monitoring

1. Solar PV Module Manufacturer’s Name

2. Name of Semi-Conductor Silicon Solar Cell Manufacturer

3. Date of Manufacturing for each Component

4. Location/Country of Manufacturing for Each Component

5. Current Density – Voltage (J-V) Curve of the Solar Module

6. Technical Specifications of the Module – Wattage, Current at Maximum Power Point (IM), Voltage at Maximum Power Point (VM) and Fill Factor (FF)

7. Model No. and Serial No. Of the Module

8. IEC PV Module Qualification Certification Date

9. IEC Certificate Issuing Lab

Applications of RFID Tags in Solar Energy

Solar Power is very expensive to employ, in addition to the fact that these systems are arranged in the form of widespread arrays for commercial uses. This makes it difficult to cover the entire system with just manual labor alone. The use of an RFID chip in a solar module helps with tracking the performance and repair history of individual modules in a solar panel system. It allows for digitally recorded performance and maintenance schedules. 

(A). Locating PV Units

Solar panels are generally a part of big arrays, aligned to harness electricity from sunlight. This makes it very hard to locate a particular panel or identify and keep track of units for different purposes. With the help of RFID tags for solar panels, with unique serial numbers programmed into them, and a handheld RFID reader, you can easily locate any unit you want. You can also store the location information (row & column number) in the tag while mounting the panels. The RFID hard tag comes with enough User Memory to store added details about a particular solar panel or PV module. 

(B). Maintenance Records

Like any technology, you need to check your solar array from time to time to make sure there are no problems. You also need to conduct a standard annual inspection. During these

operations, it can become difficult to keep track of the units. Using RFID, you can easily update your database in real-time.

(C). Check Incoming Supplies

While receiving supplies like panels, accessories, cables, etc, you need to ensure that there are no errors. It’s necessary to avoid things like incompatible components, defects, correct equipment, etc. Performing this task manually can be time-consuming and has a risk of error. With the help of RFID, you can automate this process or at least, cut the down time consumption significantly.

Benefits of Using RFID Tags on Solar Modules

RFID solar tags offer several advantages when it comes to the identification and tracking of solar panels and modules, as follows:

(A). Visibility

Radio Frequency Identification technology allows users to have a greater insight into the working of their assets. You can have real-time monitoring capabilities over your solar array using RFID tags. Greater visibility means that you have greater control over the functionality and maintenance of your system.

(B). Inventory Management

Controlling and checking your inventory becomes increasingly difficult with the rise in the volume of supplies. Not only that, but it also becomes a time-consuming task. But, with the integration of RFID technology into your array and supply storage, you can automate the whole process of inventory management.

(C). Streamlines Monitoring

By providing visibility and automation, RFID optimizes your system to make it more streamlined. Instead of manual inspections, you can use RFID readers to monitor your entire array in real-time. With further integration of IoT and using the array to power up readers and antennas, you can make the monitoring operation self-sustaining.

Types of RFID Tags Compatible with Solar Panels

Now you know about the applications & benefits of radio frequency identification technology in solar energy setups. It's time to learn the equipment you will need to set up such a system.


There are a variety of tag types available in the market. All are suitable for different applications and surfaces. For example, hard tags are capable to withstand extreme temperatures and physical damage. Mount On-Metal tags can resist signal distortions from metal surfaces, etc. So, which type of RFID tag is perfect for use in Solar Arrays?

(A). RFID Wet Inlay 

These are some of the simplest and most cost-effective types of tags. They consist of a substrate with an RFID inlay on it, covered by an adhesive layer.

(B). RFID Polyester Label

These tags are a combination of barcodes and RFID, it is a thin substrate made of polyester, with a barcode on the surface and an RFID inlay on the inside.

(C). RFID Paper Tags

Like the polyester tag, these consist of a substrate made of paper with an inlay inside. These tags also have an adhesive layer on the back.

RFID Readers

The next thing to keep in mind is the type of reader you want, there are three primary types of RFID readers you can choose from. These are - Fixed Mounted, Handheld, and Integrated. For application in a solar array, your best option is to select either a handheld reader with an integrated antenna, or a fixed-mounted ultra-high frequency reader.

RFID Antenna

These are responsible for broadcasting the reader’s signals and receiving signals from the tags. There are two types of antennae available for use, circular & linear polarization. In a solar array, panels are all oriented along the same plane, so it’s best to select a Linear Polarization antenna, as it also provides the best range.

As we discussed in the above blog, RFID has significant applications in solar energy, from tracking and monitoring to maintaining records. We hope by now you know enough to be able to implement an efficient RFID system in your solar array.

Frequently Asked Questions about UHF RFID Solar Tag

Q1. Are there different types of RFID tags?

Ans - Yes, due to their compatibility and vast applications, we have developed a variety of tag types suitable for different industries and uses. Some of the most popular types of RFID tags are – Mount-on Metal Tags, Wet inlays, Hard Tags, Windshield Tags, Cloth Tags, etc.

Q2. What is an RFID tag in solar panels?

Ans - The most common tags used for tracking and monitoring solar arrays are the specially designed Solar Wet Inlay Tags.

Q3. What are the three types of RFID tags?

Ans - There are a couple of ways that you can use to classify RFID tags, by application, power supply, and operational frequency. Based on frequency, you can divide tags into three categories, namely – Low Frequency, High Frequency, and Ultra-High Frequency.

Q4. What is the RFID tag in a solar module?

Ans- The RFID solar tag attached to a solar module stores encoded information on various details, including the manufacturer of the module, the manufacturer of the solar cells, the module's manufacturing details (month, year, and country), and technical specifications such as wattage and performance statistics. RFID tag facilitates efficient tracking and retrieval of crucial information related to the solar module.

Q5. What is the cost of RFID tags for solar panels, PV Modules?

Ans-  RFID solar tags are cost-effective and can be purchased for INR4-5 per solar tag from

Disclaimer: The information presented here is for general information purposes only and true to best of our understanding. Users are requested to use any information as per their own understanding and knowledge. Before using any of the information, please refer to our Privacy Policy and Terms and Conditions.

  • Created on May 20, 2023

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