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Future of Solar Energy in India

Future of Solar Energy in India

India is one of the fastest-growing economies in the world, and as a result, its energy consumption has also increased drastically. However, the country is heavily dependent on non-renewable sources of energy such as coal, oil, and gas. This has resulted in a rise in pollution levels, greenhouse gas emissions, and other environmental concerns. In recent years, there has been a push towards renewable energy sources, particularly solar energy, to reduce dependence on fossil fuels and promote sustainable development. In this article, we will discuss the future of solar energy in India and its potential to revolutionize the country's energy landscape.


In recent years, India has become one of the leading countries in terms of solar energy production. According to the International Energy Agency (IEA), India is expected to become the third-largest solar market in the world by 2022. This growth is driven by a combination of factors such as government incentives, falling prices of solar panels, and an increased focus on sustainable development.

Government Initiatives

The Indian government has set ambitious targets to increase the share of renewable energy in the country's energy mix. In 2020, the Ministry of New and Renewable Energy (MNRE) announced a target of achieving 175 GW of renewable energy capacity by 2022, with 100 GW coming from solar energy alone. This target has since been revised to 450 GW by 2030, with 280 GW coming from solar energy. To achieve these targets, the government has launched several initiatives such as the Solar Parks Scheme, Rooftop Solar Programme, and the National Solar Mission.

Falling Prices

The cost of solar energy has been steadily declining in recent years. The cost of solar panels has fallen by more than 80% since 2010, making solar energy more affordable and accessible. This has also led to an increase in demand for solar energy in India. In addition, the government has introduced several measures to promote the domestic manufacturing of solar equipment, which has helped to further reduce the cost of solar energy.

Job Creation

The growth of the solar energy sector in India has also created a significant number of jobs. According to the Council on Energy, Environment and Water (CEEW), the solar energy sector is expected to create more than 330,000 jobs in India by 2022. These jobs range from manufacturing and installation to maintenance and operations.


Despite the significant growth of solar energy in India, there are still several challenges that need to be addressed. One of the major challenges is the lack of adequate infrastructure for solar energy storage and distribution. This can lead to issues such as grid instability and power outages. In addition, there is a need for more investment in research and development to improve the efficiency of solar panels and reduce their cost further.


Solar energy has the potential to revolutionize India's energy landscape and promote sustainable development. The government's initiatives and falling prices have led to significant growth in the solar energy sector in recent years. However, there are still several challenges that need to be addressed. With the right policies and investments, India can become a global leader in solar energy production.


Q. What is the current share of solar energy in India's energy mix?

Ans. Solar energy currently accounts for around 4% of India's total energy mix.

Q. What are the benefits of solar energy?

Ans. Solar energy is clean, renewable, and helps to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. It also has the potential to create jobs and promote sustainable development.

Q. What is the capacity of India's largest solar park?

Ans. The largest solar park in India is the 2.2 GW Bhadla Solar Park in Rajasthan.

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  • Created on Jul 01, 2022

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